FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
CIFP answers some of the most common questions; however, if you have further questions regarding our or services, please contact us by calling or e-mailing us and we'll get back to you as soon as possible. We look forward to assisting you in your investigation needs.
• What is a Polygraph?
Polygraph comes from the Greek words: Poly (many) and Grafos (writings); therefore, it means "many writings." The name refers to the manner in which selected physiological activities are simultaneously recorded using conventional instruments, also known as analog instruments, or computerized polygraph instruments.
The polygraph instrument is a scientific instrument, which collects physiological data from at least three systems in the human body, for example: two convoluted rubber tubes that are placed over the examinee's chest and abdominal area will record pneumonal or respiratory activities. Two small metal plates, attached to the ring and index fingers, will record sudoriferous or sweat gland activity and a blood pressure cuff placed around the upper arm will record cardiovascular activity (blood volume and pulse rate). It is also possible that the examiner could use a sensor activity pad for the purpose of monitoring body movements.
• How Does the Polygraph Work?
All people have an emergency, or survival system, commonly known as the “fight or flight” system. Any time and individual perceives danger, this system is automatically activated, causing sudden changes to take place within the body to better prepare the person to meet the threat. Before the polygraph examination, the examiner will and should review all the questions to be asked with the examinee.
So, the examinee will know exactly that he/she is going to be asked during the test. If, during the test, the examinee is asked a questions he/she has decided to lie to, his/her brain will perceive this questions as a threat; therefore the body’s emergency system will activate. The examinee will experience sudden changes taking place within his/her body, and simultaneously the polygraph instrument will permanently record them. For the examinee’s protection, the examiner will run more than one test (asking the same questions more than once). This is to ensure that any changes taking place in the examinee’s body are due to the fear of detection caused by lying to a specific question, and is not exclusively due to a coincidental physiological change.
• How Accurate is the Polygraph?
Polygraph as a scientific methodology can achieve accuracy rates of 95% or better in determining accuracy on non deception (truth) or deception (lie) when administered by properly certified professional applying professional APA standards. It is worth mentioning that a person cannot beat or deceive a polygraph instrument but rather could beat the polygraph examiner by the single fact that perhaps the examiner does not have the preparation required by the APA. Additionally, polygraphists must receive training periodically to maintain their status as members of the APA and to remain updated in the profession. The best way to determine if a polygraphist is a competent member in the field is to contact the American Polygraph Association (APA).
• Who Uses Polygraph Examinations?
The three most important segments of society that use the polygraph include law enforcement agencies, the legal community, and the private sector. These are further described as follows:
Law Enforcement Agencies – Federal Law Enforcement Agencies, State Law Enforcement Agencies, and Local Law Enforcement Agencies such as Police and Sheriff’s Departments.
Legal Community – U.S. Attorney Offices, District Attorney Offices, Public Defender Offices, Defense Attorneys, Parole & Probation Departments.
Private Sector – Companies and Corporations under the restrictions and limitations of the Employee Polygraph Protection Act of 1988 (EPPA)
Private Citizens – They would tend to use the polygraph in matters not involving the legal or criminal justice system.
Attorneys – They usually use polygraph in civil litigation cases.
• Steps Associated with the Polygraph Test
An appropriately performed exam must consist of the steps listed bellow. If any of these steps are not conducted in the process, the results cannot be relied upon.
Introduce and explain procedure and equipment.
Collect background information and medical history of the examinee.
Discuss case facts and obtain a statement.
Examiner designs questions and reviews them with subject.
Run a pretend test followed by the actual polygraph charts.
Chart analysis by examiner.
THE AVERAGE TIME REQUIRED FOR A POLYGRAPH TEST IS ABOUT 90 MINUTES.
Consequently, any examiner who claims that an effective polygraph test can be run in less time is not providing exams to any adequate standard of practice, and cannot ensure reliable results; which can have serious legal consequences.
• Setting of the Test
Polygraph exams should be conducted in a quiet place, free from distracting objects and/or outside noises. No one other than the subject and examiner are permitted in the exam room. Exams are fully recorded (video/audio). PLEASE BE COUTEOUS AND MAKE ARRANGEMENTS TO LEAVE YOUR CHILD/CHILDREN WITH A CARE TAKER and allow yourself at least 2 hours to take the exam. Be aware that some examinations might take longer, please inquire when you make an appointment and BE ON TIME FOR THE APPOITMENT
When the exam is rendered at the client’s premises:
It is the client’s responsibility to offer an appropriate testing space. The location must be quite and free from distracting noises and other interference (e.g., children playing, telephones, television and conversations). There must be a small table of at least 3 by 2 feet and at least two chairs. This room may be inside a home, office, warehouse or any location suitable for conduction the test. In addition, the temperature has to ideal, must to feel comfortable not cold or too warm.
• How to Schedule Test and/or an Interview?
You can schedule a Polygraph Exam and/or an AINT or FAIT by calling us toll free: (917) 854-1010 or e-mailing us and we'll get back to you as soon as possible. We will be happy to assist you in your investigation needs.
A deposit of $150.00 minimum (per test) is required to secure the day and time for the test. Deposit and payment can be made with any Visa/Master credit or Debit cards (no checks, sorry) and with the balance to be paid in full on the day of the polygraph exam or lie detector test (prior to services being rendered).
In the event of cancellation of a test and/or interview, DEPOSITS ARE NOT REFUNDABLE.
A discount is provided to individuals or organizations booking few polygraph exams or lie detector tests on the same day.
• What is a Background Investigation?
When you need to know the past on someone such as where the person has lived, worked, our background screening/investigations provides you with information about the past of a subject. We fully comply with the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) regulations. In addition, we conduct meticulous searches on prospective business partners, domestic partners and individuals that are applying for employment or housing. Our searches include hands-on investigation to determine the validity and accuracy of the applicant's resume and might be nationwide, in some cases.
We offer the following background investigations:
• Types of Background Checks
Nationwide Comprehensive Profile
This type of background verifies validity of social security number and year and state of issuance, also lists other social security numbers associated with the individual, possible aliases, most recent address and prior addresses, possible home ownership, corporations associated with individual or addresses used by the individual, liens, judgments, possible relatives, neighbors and autos registered to addresses used by subject.
New York state criminal history includes a statewide search for all felonies and those misdemeanors indexed by the Office of Court Administration. If statewide search is not available Metro area, county and city searches are available.
Federal Criminal/Civil Records
This type of background will disclose any criminal or civil record(s) on a subject within a (7) year period. Also, it is specific to one judicial district and is available on each district within the United States.
N.Y.S. Department of Motor Vehicle
A N.Y.S. Department of Motor Vehicle search will provide a driver history of accidents, violations, convictions, possible arrests for driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs or driving impaired, suspensions and/or revocations.
A Credit Report conducted on an individual requires a sign release. This report provides Public filings, civil judgments, payment history and amount of credit outstanding and any delinquent account.
Other available searches:
Driver histories for most states
U.C.C. Filings Asset Discovery
Commercial Credit Reports
Unique searches not listed